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The Semiology of Graphics and Interactive Data Analysis: The Impact of Jacques Bertin on Information Visualization and Visual Analytics
In 1967 after years of experience as a cartographer, Jacques Bertin wrote a monumental book, the Semiology of Graphics, that describes a theory of graphical representations. In another book, Graphics and Graphic Information Processing, he described interative techniques for data analysis. These books have been very influential in the information visualization and visual analytics communities, despite being poorly understood. In memory of Bertin (1918-2010), I will review some of his major ideas, and describe how they have impacted the design of analysis and visualization systems such as Jock MacKinlay's Automatic Presentation System (APT) and Chris Stolte's Polaris/Tableau system.